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  • Mrunal Ratna

How Dichotomous Thinking Sneaks into Our Daily Lives? (Part 2)

Welcome back to the next segment of our journey into Dichotomous Thinking. If you haven't had a chance to read the previous section on Dichotomous Thinking, be sure to catch up. In this edition, we'll delve into the origins of Dichotomous Thinking, its impact on our lives, and most importantly, how to break free from its grip. Let's continue our exploration in this insightful blog.


Where does it come from?


We develop dichotomous thinking for a range of reasons.

  • Evolutionary Survival: Imagine a prehistoric human ancestor living in a forest environment. This ancestor encounters a new type of plant. To make quick decisions for survival, they develop a binary categorization system for plants: "Edible" or "Poisonous."

  • Cultural and Societal Influence: Cultural and societal factors play a significant role in shaping thinking patterns. Many cultures have traditionally emphasized binary categories in areas like gender roles, morality, and social norms. Such cultural influences can lead individuals to adopt dichotomous thinking.

  • Educational and Parental Upbringing: The way children are educated and raised by their parents can contribute to dichotomous thinking. For example, if parents or teachers constantly reinforce strict right or wrong distinctions without encouraging critical thinking or consideration of nuances, children may develop a dichotomous mindset.

  • Psychological Factors: Some individuals may be more prone to dichotomous thinking due to psychological factors such as personality traits, cognitive biases, or cognitive distortions. For instance, perfectionism or a fear of uncertainty can contribute to all-or-nothing thinking patterns.

  • Traumatic Experiences: Traumatic experiences can lead to dichotomous thinking as a way to cope with overwhelming emotions or situations. In some cases, individuals may struggle to process difficult emotions when dealing with trauma.

  • Lack of Exposure to Diversity: Limited exposure to diverse perspectives and experiences can reinforce dichotomous thinking. When individuals are only exposed to one worldview, they may perceive everything outside of it as the complete opposite.


It's important to note that dichotomous thinking is a cognitive pattern that can vary from person to person and can be influenced by a combination of these factors.


How does it affect us?

Dichotomous thinking can have several impacts on our everyday lives, such as—

  • Rigidity: Inflexible beliefs and behaviors.

  • Clarity: Simplifying complex decisions.

  • Heightened anxiety and unrealistic standards.

  • Safety: Quick identification of safety concerns.

  • Conflict: Relationship and communication challenges.

  • Efficiency: Speeding up decision-making.

  • Low Self-Esteem: Negative impact on self-worth.

  • Moral Clarity: Maintaining a strong moral compass.

  • Limited Problem-Solving: Hindrance to creative solutions.


Overall, while dichotomous thinking can have advantages in specific contexts, the reality is that this mindset can do more harm than good.


How to fight Dichotomous Thinking?

The first step towards change is being aware of the concept and recognizing our actions, which sets us on the path to success. However, beyond awareness, acceptance is crucial for moving forward with determination.


In cases where dichotomous thinking is deeply rooted and hard to overcome independently, seeking help from a psychotherapist or mental health professional is advisable.


Other ways you might want to try:

  • Dialectical thinking: Reconciles opposing ideas, promoting balance and complexity.

  • Awareness: Recognize when you're using black-and-white thinking.

  • Challenge Thoughts: Question and challenge extreme thoughts when you notice them.

  • Practice Mindfulness: Stay present to avoid jumping to conclusions.

  • Consider Complexity: Acknowledge that situations are often multifaceted.

  • Seek Different Views: Engage with others to gain alternative perspectives.

  • Avoid Perfectionism: Understand that imperfections are part of life.

  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT): Consider therapy, especially CBT, for balanced thinking.

  • Journaling: Write down and analyze your thoughts objectively.

  • Self-Compassion: Treat yourself kindly, like you would a friend.

  • Positive Affirmations: Replace negativity with positive self-affirmations.

  • Take Breaks: Step away before making judgments in challenging situations.

  • Learn from Mistakes: See errors as opportunities for growth.

  • Realistic Goals: Set achievable goals and acknowledge incremental progress.


Overcoming dichotomous thinking can be a challenging journey, but nothing worthwhile comes without effort. It's a crucial step, not just for personal growth but also for the evolving world we live in. By recognizing the necessity of embracing complexity and moving beyond simplistic labels, we can better appreciate the rich tapestry of human existence. Our life offers a vibrant spectrum of colors beyond just black and white!



Written by: Mrunal Ratna (Co-founder at TIMO)

Edited by: Rubal Prajapati (Counseling Psychologist and Ph.D. Scholar at Bharathiar University)


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